UNESCO World Heritage Site

The site of the earliest Parthian Empire capital, Nisa can be regarded a cradle of the unique Hellenistic (Greek) culture. Located in an atmospheric area on an irregular pentagon hill, at the foot of the Kopet-Dag Mountains, Old Nisa is a special landmark. 14 ha in size, the fort accommodates two semi-excavated complexes of the Parthian period (III c. BC - III c. AD), designated as royal residence and temple complex. Abandoned at the end of the Parthian period, Old Nisa conveyed its functions to New Nisa, another archaeological site a few kilometres to the west, an important medieval Silk Road city.